The major holiday activity to undertake in the park is hiking. This activity takes you though all fauna zones and finally ends on the glacial peaks. Visitors can also go for shorter hikes that are arranged. It goes without saying though that hiking usually takes seven days. While ascending the mountain, the trail will lead you through various dramatic vegetation zones. This is followed by the lovely heather-rapenea zone between 3000 4000m characterized by giant tree- heathers, garishly colored mosses and drab beards of lichen. Amazing forms of giant lobelia and groundsels are also first found in this zone. It should be noted however that these plants persist into the highest Alpine zone between 3800 4500m. It is at this point where they are joined by wiry but pretty thickets of helichrysum.
Though the spectacular scenery is the main attraction, the park has an amazing diversity of fauna. Fauna here includes forest monkeys, small antelopes, elephants and buffaloes. Birding is another activity here as the park harbours over 300 bird species with many species being not recorded elsewhere in Uganda.These birds range from forest birds, as well as several endemic species adapted to East Africas montane moorlands. Twelve of the species listed for Elgon have not been in any other Ugandan national park and these include Jacksons Francolin, Moorland Francolin, Moustached Green Tinkerbird, Red-throated Wryneck, Black-collared Apalis, Hunters Cisticola, Alpine Chat, Marsh Widowbird and Weyns Weaver. Tourists can also visit the ancient cave paintings close to the trailhead at Budadiri, spectacular caves and hot springs within the crater, as well as be entertained by the famous Imbalu dances and ceremonies held by the local people during initiation ceremonies.
What to do:Popular tourist activities include game viewing as the park has over 80 mammalian species with around 28 of them not found in any other national park in Uganda. They include Caracal, Bat-eared Fox, Klipspringers, and Cheetah. Other mammals include elephants, common zebras, buffaloes, Bohor Reedbuck, Waterbuck, Kongoni, spotted Hyena, Leopard, Lion, Oribi, Guenthers Dikdik, Senegal Galagos, Side-striped Jackal among others. Another activity here is birding as the park boats of an extensive avifauna. 465 species have been recorded including the Ostrich and the Kori Bustard which are principally associated with arid areas.The park also has an outstanding number of birds of prey. 58 species of these have been recorded here 14 of which are believed to be endemic to Kidepo and the Karamoja region. Cultural entertainment is another attraction here as the local community near the park stages cultural dances and performances. Traditional dances such as the Emuya of the Naporre and Nyangia, Larakaraka and Apiti dances of the Acholi are interesting to see and participate in them too. Other activities in this park include hiking, nature walks among others.
What to do: Popular tourist activities in this park include game drives which provide fine game viewing, walking safaris and nature walks on the many nature trails in the park, boat rides on Lake Mburo, sport fishing, fine game viewing at the salt lick, and birding among others.